Agents of Atrocity: Leaders, Followers, and the Violation of Human Rights in Civil War

Agents of Atrocity: Leaders, Followers, and the Violation of Human Rights in Civil War

Neil J. Mitchell

Language: English

Pages: 239

ISBN: B01K0TMOTU

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Agents of Atrocity: Leaders, Followers, and the Violation of Human Rights in Civil War

Neil J. Mitchell

Language: English

Pages: 239

ISBN: B01K0TMOTU

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Who is responsible for the terror, atrocities, and violations of human rights that occur in civil wars? Blame can be directly attributed to the actual perpetrators of the massacres, rapes, and pillaging--but it can also be placed on the leaders who often hide behind their ambivalent orders. Placing responsibility clearly in the hands of political leadership, Mitchell explores the interaction of leaders, their management practices and repressive policies, using the Arab-Israeli conflict and the English and Russian civil wars to shed light on when leaders are more or less likely to turn to atrocities to achieve their goals. With civil wars continuing to rage around the world, Agents of Atrocity provides a timely history of atrocities and the leaders and henchmen who carried them out, while providing a new context for understanding why they occur and how they can be prevented in the future.

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In Seville, also in the sixteenth century, a different type of principal supervised the ritual burning of heretics. These Spanish fires, sanctioned by the pope at the request of the monarchs Ferdinand and The Principals and the Agents of Political Violence / 35 Isabella and set by the Inquisition under the control of Tomás de Torquemada, purified Catholic Spain of Jews, Protestants, Muslims, witches, and others. Whatever the reality of the Grand Inquisitor’s actions, his spirit and motivation

strong reactions from Jewish organizations, and concessions to the Jews similarly provoked the Arabs. While the British were the initial targets of the Arabs,34 the rebellions and riots of the 1920s and 1930s prompted Jewish countermeasures and the formation of the organizational forerunners of the Israel Defense Force. With David Ben-Gurion as its secretary general, the Jewish trade union movement established the Haganah, the Jewish defense force, in 1921. Its purpose was to provide security for

for a bad phone line or the railway man responsible for a train delay. In February 1920 Lenin sent the following telegram to Stalin: “Today I heard you and all the other very clearly, every word. Threaten to shoot the incompetent person in charge of communications who cannot give you a good amplifier and ensure uninterrupted telephone communication with me.”135 We have an eyewitness comparison of Lenin and Stalin from V. M. Molotov, that great political survivor who endured the treacherous inner

much easier. One could say that he was an unadventurous bastard. This page intentionally left blank F I V E The English Civil War They killed Nicholas II after midnight, in a cellar east of the Urals. They shot his family too. They killed Charles I in the morning, in public, in the capital. They left his family untouched. Captive monarchs, revolutionary mutineers, and peasant resistance presented Vladimir Lenin and Oliver Cromwell with some similar challenges. They dealt with them quite

crime scene analysis. The French judicial police superintendent, who worked for the tribunal’s Office of Prosecution, interviewed Erdemovic numerous times and testified that Erdemovic was in a state of shock when he recalled the details of the massacre. He said Erdemovic’s motivation in coming forward was from remorse and from anger toward the people who had put him in the situation, whom he wanted to name, and from the desire to provide the necessary evidence to bring them to trial. Erdemovic

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