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First volume of a rip-roaring, two-part history of England’s longest and bloodiest civil war, narrated as a medieval ‘game of thrones’ by a master military historian.
England, 1454. A kingdom sliding into chaos. With the loss of Bordeaux (the last French territory held by the Plantagenets), the enfeebled Henry VI loses his mind. Disgruntled nobles back the regal claims of Richard, Duke of York, great-grandson of Edward III. Town and countryside teem with soldiers, redundant and bored. The stage is set for civil war.
BATTLE ROYAL is the first part of a two-volume history of the dynastic wars fought between the houses of Lancaster and York for the English throne from 1454 until 1487. Hugh Bicheno tells the story of the Wars of the Roses as an enthralling saga of interwoven families, narrating each chapter from the point of view of a key player in the wider drama.
Volume I traces the story from 1450 to 1464, a period punctuated by the battles of St Albans, Towton and Hexham; enlivened by such fascinating characters as Henry VI’s queen Marguerite of Anjou and the femme fatale Elizabeth Woodville, and ending with the triumph of the Yorkist king Edward IV.
ceased to do so: after St Albans she sent Morice Doulcereau to France to conduct clandestine negotiations with her uncle Charles VII through Pierre de Brézé, Grand Seneschal of Normandy and Charles’s foremost military commander. Brézé owed his eminence to Agnès Sorel, placed in the king’s bed by Isabelle of Lorraine. He was to prove a devoted friend to Isabelle’s daughter, whom he had known since childhood. Doulcereau was a Brézé retainer and had been with Henry VI at Northampton. Given that
the English poets, from Chaucer to Cowper (1810). New Advent, The Catholic Encyclopedia (1917). Nichols, John (ed.), Chronicle of the Rebellion of Lincolnshire 1470 (1847). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004−). Pollard, A., ‘Percies, Nevilles and the Wars of the Roses’, History Today (1993). Power, Eileen, The Wool Trade in English Medieval History (1941). Richmond, C., ‘Propaganda in the Wars of the Roses’, History Today (1992). Riley, Henry (ed.), Registra quorundam abbatum
310 Hungerford, Robert, 3rd Baron (also Baron Moleyns) 62–4, 105, 239, 318 Icknield Way 139, 276–7 indentures 197 Ingoldisthorpe, Isabel 189 Ireland 58, 184–5, 225–6, 242–3 Isabelle, Duchess of Lorraine 37, 39, 313 James I, King of Scotland 2 James II, King of Scotland 157, 246, 247 James III, King of Scotland 245, 248 Jean II, Duke of Burgundy 2 Jean IV, Count of Armagnac 40 Jean V, Count of Armagnac 223 Jenny, Richard 291 Joan of Navarre 13 John of Gaunt 4, 18, 20, 21, 24, 46
large fine to his nephew the king, married her to his own eldest son, the future Henry IV. Not the least of Henry V’s reasons for embarking on a career of conquest was to provide an outlet for the martial energy and the rapacity of his land-hungry nobles. The Norman Conquest of 1066 had established a unitary English state under a monarchy kept strong by ensuring that few nobles were ever permitted to accumulate the large contiguous holdings that enabled the great French lords to defy their king.
version, coloured by the propaganda use to which it is put at the time and later. The fourth seeks to rediscover the first, but is shaped by the intellectual climate of the time in which it is written. There are few accounts from either of the first two categories of the battles of the Wars of the Roses, and the third category source for Blore Heath is the The Attainder of Richard Duke of York and others, from the rolls of the Parliament that met in Coventry two months after the battle. The