Boudicca's Rebellion AD 60-61: The Britons rise up against Rome (Campaign)
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When the Romans occupied the southern half of Britain in AD 43, the Iceni tribe quickly allied themselves with the invaders. Having paid tribute to Rome, they continued to be ruled by their own kings. But 17 years later, when Prasutagus, the king of the Iceni, died, the Romans decided to incorporate his kingdom into the new province. When his widow Boudicca protested, she "was flogged and their daughters raped", sparking one of the most famous rebellions in history. This book tells how Boudicca raised her people and other tribes in revolt, overran the provincial towns of Camulodunum (Colchester), Londinium (London) and Verulamium (St Albans), destroyed the IX Legion, and nearly took control of the fledgling Roman province, before being finally brought to heel in a pitched battle at Mancetter.
the enemy's ranks punching with his shield, stabbing with his spear or slashing with his sword. The muscular agility of Celtic warriors was a thing to behold, and those on the opposing side could only stand like pebbles on a beach, waiting for the smothering surge. One certain thing about the army of Boudicca; it was a rambunctious host, containing as its flower some of the best manpower any British warrior ever saw - rawboned, sinewy men used to handling weapons and to the Replica of Celtic
weaknesses was the vulnerability of the horses that drew them, such large targets being an easy prey to those armed with missile weapons (e.g. Cassius Dio 60.20.3). On the contrary, one of their preferred ploys was probably the feigned retreat, to draw off small parties of the enemy who could then be tackled by the chariot warriors leaping down to fight hand to hand. In Caesar's vivid description, only the running out along the chariot pole is non-Homeric. However, the Celtic chariot was
offer reasonable protection, this shield (facing), with its brazen polish and scarlet glass, had no place on the battlefield and was probably meant for flamboyant display. Consisting of restless, swelling patterns and gaudy enamelling, the spectacular decoration is typically in the La Tene style. (Werner Forman Archive) 27 BOTTOM LEFT Bronze helmet (London, British Museum) in the 'jockey-cap' style, 1 st century AD, found in the Thames. We should remember that only durable objects have
Thucydides, Sallust, Tacitus) were also students of humankind, and so employed these dramatic speeches as a vehicle of interpreting the story they were relating, to make a point for their readers, not to display their own rhetorical skill. Yet, that said, Roman imperialism was concerned not with poor huts but rich fields. The economic demands of an occupying army would have been considerable. It was standard practice for ancient armies to live off the land while on campaign, so the presence of a
Britannicus. 47 Cnaeus Domitius Corbulo, governor of Germania Inferior, suppresses Frisii. Rising of Caratacus. 18 48 Publius Ostorius Scapula, second governor of Britannia, suppresses Iceni. 49 Ostorius Scapula transfers legio XX from Colchester-Camulodunum to Gloucester-Glevum (Kingsholm). 50 Foundation of colonia at Colchester-Camulodunum. 51 Ostorius Scapula defeats Caratacus - Silures (and others) continue to resist. 52 Death of Ostorius Scapula - Aulus Didius Gallus governor.