Comprehensive Handbook of Personality and Psychopathology, Volume 2: Adult Psychopathology
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Adult Psychopathology presents an overview of the classification and diagnosis; epidemiology; genetic, sociocultural, and biological influences; and research and behavioral considerations of psychopathology in adults.
This state-of-the-art volume also includes the latest research on the major disorders and discusses the three most popular treatment approaches.
(Hoehn-Saric, Hazlett, & McLeod, 1993). In a recent study attempting to clarify the age of onset and its correlates in GAD, Campbell, Brown, and Grisham (2003) found that most patients in their large clinical sample reported an onset of GAD by early adulthood, whereas a smaller number reported a later onset. These researchers found that early versus late onset had different meanings in several associated areas. Most patients with earlier-onset GAD reported that their symptoms arose without any
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also produces, for each case, the probability of its proper fit within each latent class, though cases are classified into the class for which they have the greatest a posteriori probability of membership. LCA has been of increasing interest to scientists interested in diagnostic issues, such as subtyping research. For instance, Peralta and Cuesta (2003) applied LCA to the abiding problem of psychotic disorders, which, as has been shown previously, have sometimes been difficult to parse
has not yet been examined. Recently, a short version of the OCI (18 items versus 42 items) was developed and found to have satisfactory psychometric properties (Foa, Franklin, & Moser, 2002). The Leyton Obsessional Inventory (LOI) is a card-sort task that has shown good reliability and validity estimates (Cooper, 1970; Taylor, 1995). Several studies suggest that the LOI is less sensitive to treatment changes than are other similar measures (Allen & Rack, 1975; Ananth, Solyom, Bryntwick, &
reinforcement and the concept of habit. Psychological Review, 63, 114–128. Mowrer, O. H. (1960). Learning and behavior. New York: Wiley. Nelson, B. S., & Wright, D. W. (1996). Understanding and treating post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in female partners of veterans with PTSD. Journal of Marital & Family Therapy, 22, 455–467. Nemeroff, C. J., & Karoly, P. (1991). Operant methods. In F. H. Kanfer & A. P. Goldstein (Eds.), Helping people change: A textbook of methods (4th ed., pp. 122–160).