Egyptian Mythology A to Z
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Egypt's myths are among the earliest in the ancient world. "Egyptian Mythology A to Z, Revised Edition" brings to life the fascinating world of Egyptian mythology and religious beliefs for young readers. This new edition has been revised and updated to reflect the latest discoveries. New information covered in this thorough reference guide includes entries on such topics as pyramids and mythology, the cult of the king, human sacrifice, and many new gods and legendary figures. A bibliography at the end of the book encourages students to investigate topics that spark their interest. With its focus on Egyptian gods and goddesses and the relationship between Egyptian myths and the later Greek and Roman mythology, this volume is a useful reference and teaching aid for students with an interest in mythological studies.
precious gifts. When I boarded the ship, the island seemed to float away. Eventually we landed on the shores of the Red Sea in Egypt, and I have hurried across the desert to Thebes to tell my story to the pharaoh. The vizier was greatly impressed and said, “Whether or not I believe your adventures, you have told a great tale such as to delight the heart of the pharaoh. Therefore come with me at once and be sure of a rich reward . . .” Shu The god of air, Shu separates the Earth and the sky,
and had several holes on each side so they could be sewn onto the mummy wrappings. They were almost always placed across the mummy’s chest. Often, a miniature headrest made of hard stone was placed in the mummy wrappings to protect the head of the mummy and to help him or her arise in the next world. Small heart amulets were sometimes wrapped with the mummy to protect the heart and ensure that it did not speak against the deceased when he or she made a plea before the gods. Popular Amulets Worn
carved. Hierakonpolis is the ancient city of Nekhen, today called Kom el Akhmar, the “Red Hill,” because of the mound of broken red pottery at the entrance. Nekhen is the ancestral home of the Souls of Nekhen and the Souls of Pe, the spirits of ancient ancestors. hieratic One of the three scripts written in ancient Egypt; hieratic is a cursive form of hieroglyphs. Like hieroglyphs, hieratic was a “sacred writing” but a faster, easier way to copy religious and mythological texts. Hieratic
after his coronation, Akhenaten made it clear to everyone how important akhet the new god was. He began building temples to the Aten next to the temple of the traditional god, Amun, at Karnak Temple, a group of religious buildings in Thebes. The Aten was unlike any god the people had ever worshipped. Represented as a sun disk with rays of light reaching down and ending in hands holding an ankh (the sign of life) and was scepter (the sign of power), it bestowed light and warmth upon the king
and his family. Unlike the traditional gods of Egypt, however, the Aten was an abstract god without personality. Akhenaten and his followers left Thebes, the capital of Egypt, and traveled north to a remote desert site about halfway between modern Luxor and Cairo to build a new city in the desert, called AkhetAten, “the horizon of the Aten.” The king erected boundary markers called stele that described how the Aten directed him to build the holy city on this site. Akhet-Aten was one of the most