Enhancing Cognitive Fitness in Adults: A Guide to the Use and Development of Community-Based Programs
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
This book highlights the research foundations behind brain fitness and showcases innovative community programs to promote mental fitness in adults with cognitive impairment, from writing workshops and multimedia strategies to meditation and exercise.
graders and by college students – and as we will describe, older adults. Individuals at different stages of development bring different skills to bear, and the nature of the solutions will vary by division, but the important point is that all age groups can solve the problem in some way. The flip side is that there is no perfect solution, so that any solution is, by its nature, subject to revision. Preparing a solution for tournament competition exercises multiple cognitive abilities in a
et al. References Ball, K., Berch, D. B., Helmers, K. F., Jobe, J. B., Leveck, M. D., Marsiske, M., et al. (2002). Effects of cognitive training interventions with older adults: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288, 2271–2281. Ball, K. K., Edwards, J. D., & Ross, L. A. (2007). The impact of speed of processing training on cognitive and everyday functions. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 62B(Special Issue I), 19–31. Barnett, S. M., &
Posner, 2002) before 5 Meditation, Mindfulness, Cognition, and Emotion… 93 and after the training and retreat. In this test, various warning and spatial cues precede sequential trials in which the participant must identify whether arrows flanking a target arrow are facing in the same or different directions as the target. By decomposing the response times for these trials, separate measures of alerting, orienting, and conflict-monitoring aspects of attention are obtained. Participants in
of each. The goal was to increase the participants’ knowledge of science through a multimodal learning experience. A full evaluation of the project indicated that the 30 older adults not only thoroughly enjoyed the experience, but also, based on pre- and post-tests, actually learned a great deal about the chemistry of cooking. One participant indicated, Best class ever; really enjoyed combining science and cooking…[It] had everything from sensory pleasure to cultural cuisine [and] science. 134
connected to the educational institution that has provided a vast reservoir of happy memories and friends (Bradley, 1999). For example, one male guest graduated from the University as a young man and remained active with its Alumni Organization for over 50 years until his recent death. Another transcending theme was that most of the guests had heard about the groups via the local newspaper or through friends who were already participating. For example, one male guest explained that We heard from