Industrialized and Automated Building Systems: A Managerial Approach
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Industrialized and Automated Building Systems presents a detailed and balanced evaluation of the benefits and drawbacks of industrialized building systems, and considers technological, managerial and economical aspects of industrialization, automation in the industrialized building process in production, construction and design, and information technologies in design, production and construction on site.
surface or adding color pigment to panel concrete or to its exterior layer. 32 INDUSTRIALIZED AND AUTOMATED BUILDING SYSTEMS Figure 2.11 Precast concrete interior wall/partition: (a) axonometric view; (b) connection detail • Mechanical treatment of exterior surface by brushing, troweling, sandblasting, bush hammering, and so on. • Giving a special shape or texture to the exterior by appropriate structuring or lining of the mold. These alternatives are discussed in more detail in Chapter 5.
partitioning of space, its allocation to various functions, and selection of detachables and their positioning. COORDINATION BETWEEN PRODUCER AND DESIGNER 73 3 The area of the building is divided into zones—internal and external zones for private use and zones for public use. The public zones are used for location of nonstructural supports—stairs, plumbing mains, fixed facades. The analysis which the SAR method offers in  is most effective in “row buildings”, with cross walls as structural
advised. The reverberation time T60 is given by the formula (4.11) in which is the acoustic absorption area of the room. This is composed of (4.12) where i=the acoustic absorption coefficient of the ith surface Si=the area of the ith surface (m2) This criterion is fulfilled by the sum of properties of the total internal envelope of the space and therefore does not impose particular restrictions on a given element. The manufacturer should thus document the acoustic absorption properties of the
temperature is and the relative humidity is RH=80%, in a building with the following design data: twobedroom dwellings with a net floor area of 75m2, and a floor to ceiling height of 2.5 m. Assume that, on average, infiltration causes N=0.5 hr, and the internal air temperature is Ti=18°C. The internal humidity ratio pi is, according to Eq. (4.14), APPLICATION OF THE PERFORMANCE APPROACH† 97 The characteristic dewpoint temperature is thus, according to Ref. [b.4], Td =16.0°C. Since the walls
steel or timber mold depends on the respective prices of both materials and on the availability of skilled craftspeople in their preparation. A special process is applied to produce hollow core nonprestressed slabs. The slabs are produced by pouring stiff concrete around inserted steel pipes, and their immediate extraction, after the compaction. Horizontal molds are often used with vibration tables. The table may have a smooth steel surface to which side frames are attached, or it may consist