Journalism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
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Journalism entered the twenty-first century caught in a paradox. The world had more journalism, across a wider range of media, than at any time since the birth of the western free press in the eighteenth century. Western journalists had found themselves under a cloud of suspicion: from politicians, philosophers, the general public, anti-globalization radicals, religious groups, and even from fellow journalists. Critics argued that the news industry had lost its moral bearings, focusing on high investment returns rather than reporting and analyzing the political, economic, and social issues of the day.
In the new edition of this thought-provoking and provocative Very Short Introduction, Ian Hargreaves examines the world of contemporary journalism. He considers how technology has impacted the way major international events are reported, examines the development of online entertainment journalism, and chronicles the impact of the international financial crisis on the industry. By looking not only at what journalism has been in the past, but also what it is becoming in the digital age, major issues related to reportage, warfare, celebrity culture, privacy, and technology worldwide are closely examined.
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journalists see themselves as buccaneering and hard driving heroes with dirty faces. No journalist working for a faceless global multinational company can fail to carry in his or her memory bank stories like the one immortalized in the semi-fictional persona of Citizen Kane, based on the life of William Randolph Hearst. In 1898, Hearst did more than anyone else to precipitate war between Up to Spain and the United States. When the US battleship Maine sank in a point Havana Harbour, Hearst’s
distracting their editors from journalism’s civic purpose and so damaging reader loyalty and the longer term health of the business. ‘By the end of the twentieth century, in deed if not in name, America’s journalistic leaders had been transformed into businesspeople. And half now report that they spend at least a third of their time on business matters rather than journalism,’ argue leading lights in the influential Committee of Concerned Journalists. Journalism Leonard Downie and Robert
it is true that he has removed talented people who stood in his way, including the respected Harold Evans, who quit the editor’s chair at The Times live on the Britain’s main evening television news in 1983. But it is 84 not true to say that Murdoch has routinely operated a revolving door for editors at any of his newspapers. As he explained himself in an interview in 1999: ‘If an editor is producing a paper you are basically pleased with and proud of . . . then he is very safe in his job. If an
so that I can prepare a rebuttal?’ Gould denies that there is anything exceptional or morally dubious about the techniques of ‘spin’ with which New Labour became deeply Journalism associated. According to Gould, spin is ‘a longstanding and completely unexceptional activity. In a world in which political parties, and other high-profile organizations, are under twenty-four hour media attack, it is common sense to employ people to put the view of the party or the organization and to do it to best
the incident still kept him awake at night. Do journalists take ethics seriously? One of the most widely used 110 text books in the training of British journalists comments that to put these two words in the same sentence ‘is to risk reducing the listener to helpless laughter. To the insider on a mass-market tabloid, ethics are largely an irrelevance. Lecturing these journalists about ethics is as pointless as advocating celibacy to sailors arriving in port after six months at sea.’ Or, as