Makers of Modern Asia
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The twenty-first century has been dubbed the Asian Century. Highlighting diverse thinker-politicians rather than billionaire businessmen, Makers of Modern Asia presents eleven leaders who theorized and organized anticolonial movements, strategized and directed military campaigns, and designed and implemented political systems.
approach to Soviet worldwide expansionism. And he had opened up China for technology transfers, not least in agriculture and light industry. But much still remained to be done, especially in terms of trade. Deng was eager to see for himself what the United States looked like and how it was organized. So he traveled widely during his visit. He went to the West Coast, to Texas (where he went to a rodeo and put on a ten-gallon hat—the hat looked bigger than Deng himself), to President Jimmy Carter’s
Secondly, “the Treaty should not contain anything which might be construed—even though we may not mean it that way—by others as directed against a third party. Such a thing would not be appropriate.”60 In the event, although a draft of the treaty was finalized in the summer of 1969, Mrs. Gandhi decided against inking it. The idea of a treaty was revived by India in May 1971 following the outbreak of the East Pakistan crisis. The treaty was eventually signed in August 1971. There were two reasons
Relations, 1960–1968 (Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2008). 155. This is a best estimate by scholars. See, Ricklefs, History, 347 (500,000); Taylor, Indonesia, 359 (800,000). See also Robert Cribb, “The Mass Killings of 1965–1966,” in Tagliacozzo and Hellwig, eds., Indonesia Reader, 346 (150,000–500,000). 156. Legge, Sukarno, 446, 454. 157. Ricklefs, History, 349. 158. Legge, Sukarno, 458. 159. Ricklefs, History, 353; see also Elson, Idea, 244. 160. Adams, My Friend, 303. 161.
when they reported on December 7, 1950, that the Vietminh were preparing an attack on Hanoi to coincide with “the anniversary of Ho Chi Minh’s original attack against the French forces in Indo-china.” The documented ups-and-downs in his political fortunes, however, show that his more public symbolic role as a nationalist leader has been far more stable than his real political power turned out to be. The strength of Ho’s reputation is surprising, when one considers how little exposure he had on
citizens of the nation. However, the extent to which gender equality was promoted (by political practice or legislative fiat) varied greatly across the region. Then there was the sometimes very urgent question of language policy. This was a linguistically fecund region, home to many languages and many scripts. Most (though not all) Asian countries decided that to cement their unity, they had to make one language the official language of the nation. Even so, they had to decide whether to treat