Metaphor: A Practical Introduction, 2nd Edition
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Combining up-to-date scholarship with clear and accessible language and helpful exercises, Metaphor: A Practical Introduction is an invaluable resource for all readers interested in metaphor. This second edition includes two new chapters--on 'metaphors in discourse' and 'metaphor and emotion' --along with new exercises, responses to criticism and recent developments in the field, and revised student exercises, tables, and figures.
Metaphor: A Practical Introduction ZOLTÁN KÖVECSES OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS METAPHOR This page intentionally left blank M E TA P H O R A Practical Introduction ZOLTÁN KÖVECSES Exercises written with Szilvia Csábi, Réka Hajdú, Zsuzsanna Bokor, & Orsolya Izsó 1 2002 3 Oxford New York Athens Auckland Bangkok Bogotá Buenos Aires Cape Town Chennai Dar es Salaam Delhi Florence Hong Kong Istanbul Karachi Kolkata Kuala Lumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Mumbai Nairobi Paris São Paulo
road. (based on Winter, 1995, p. 235) This way of speaking about life would be regarded by most speakers of English as normal and natural for everyday purposes. The use of phrases such as to get a good start, to go through a stage, to get over something, to be burdened, to overcome something, a long life span, to go far in life, to reach the end of the road, and so on would not count as using particularly picturesque or literary language. Below is a list of additional phrases that speakers of
strength of that argument. So far we have put together only the framework of the theory. ideas are food All this paper has in it are raw facts, half-baked ideas, and warmed-over theories. There are too many facts here for me to digest them all. I just can’t swallow that claim. Let me stew over that for a while. That’s food for thought. She devoured the book. Let’s let that idea simmer on the back burner for a while. This is just a small sample of all the possible linguistic expressions that
chapter 8. The scope of metaphor. Most of the specific source domains appear to characterize not just one target concept but several. For instance, the concept of war applies not only to arguments but also to love, the concept of building not only to theories but also to societies, the concept of fire not only to love but also to anger, etc. What is the scope of metaphorical source domains and what determines it? We will deal with the issue in chapter 9. Metaphor systems. Some conceptual
force inside a person and then the force causing the person to act in certain ways that should be suppressed. The ‘cause, force, forced expression’ structure remains a mystery and a completely random occurrence without evoking the pressurized container metaphor. Through its detailed mappings, the metaphor provides a coherent structure for the various “anger-like” concepts in the different languages. But now a new question arises: How does the pressurized container metaphor come into the picture