National Geographic History, Issue 2
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
National Geographic History not only inflames and quenches the curiosity of history buffs, it informs and entertains anyone who appreciates that the truth indeed is stranger than fiction. And that history is not just about our forebears. It’s about us. It’s about you.
the Maya. In fact, temples came in all shapes and sizes; many state buildings were dedicated to gods or hosted religious rituals or ceremonies—the qualifying criteria for sacred places in the Maya world. What we call palaces—because they are the buildings where we believe kings and their court carried out political and administrative tasks—were also, to a certain extent, temples. This was not only because the king was considered a descendant of the gods, but also because the monarch officiated
called Stormy Sky), son of Yax Nuun Ayiin I, ascends to the Tikal throne. A few years later he erects Stela 31. It shows him holding the royal headdress decorated with the symbol of his grandfather Spearthrower Owl. However, his own headdress represents the founders of the Tikal dynasty overthrown in 378: The new king is presenting himself as the heir to the political traditions of both Teotihuacan and Tikal. 1 TIKAL MARKER: IN THE CENTER OF THE LIMESTONE MEDALLION APPEARS THE EMBLEM OF
false, but others shouldn’t be discarded. In Metaphysics Aristotle lays down some of the most basic categories of thought still in use today. For example, Aristotle divides events into those that happen by necessity and those that happen by accident. Normally a person walks to the shops because he intends to walk to the shops, and, normally, he will get there in one piece— necessity. However, if he trips on a paving stone and falls over, then the normal course of events is interrupted— accident.
evidence that could provide a historic basis for Rome’s mythical founder. Italian archaeologist Andrea Carandini has discovered a stone wall with a gate that dates back to the late eighth century b.c.—and it’s on the side of Palatine Hill. There is an immediate temptation to identify the wall as the one that Romulus allegedly built on the Palatine when he founded the city in 753 b.c. Indeed, some archaeologists and historians have vehemently asserted that the wall is the one of legend. However,
the skin badly pocked and disfigured. As a doctor with a rural practice, Jenner was in an ideal position to research cowpox and its effects on people who worked with cattle. Jenner observed that milkmaids would often contract cowpox after coming into contact with the pustules on cows’ udders. During smallpox outbreaks milkmaids’ families would fall ill, but the milkmaids themselves, if they had had cowpox, were spared. On May 14, 1796, Jenner took the bold step that would change medical science.