Niagara 1814: The final invasion (Campaign)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
The War of 1812 (1812-1814) has the strange distinction of being a war largely forgotten by both of its main participants. Despite being overshadowed by the Napoleonic Wars raging in Europe, the War of 1812 saw Americans, British, Canadians, and Native Americans wage an increasing brutal conflict all along the border.
By 1814, with war coming to a close in Europe, the Americans decided to launch one last, major land offensive in an attempt to seize Canada. Although previous attempts had most often ended in disaster, the American army of 1814 contained several highly trained units under competent leadership including the legendary Winfield Scott. This final Niagara campaign saw a number of pitched battles including Chippawa, Lundy's Lane, and Cook's Mill, where the American Bluecoats matched the British shot for shot. However, due to poor planning at the highest levels of American office, the campaign was ultimately a failure and the result ensured the survival of Canada as an independent state.
A critically-acclaimed researcher on the War of 1812, author John Latimer presents a new look at an oft-forgotten yet crucially important campaign in the history of North America.
pressure in Canada, and in April Drummond proposed that with 4,000 men he could destroy Sackets Harbor, the main US naval base on Lake Ontario, for which purpose he needed only 8 0 0 - 1 , 0 0 0 reinforcements from Lower Canada. By early May he was in a position to launch a preliminary attack against Oswego where Lieutenant-Colonel George A. Mitchell of the 3rd US Artillery arrived on 30 April with a small detachment, to find its fort rotten with few guns, and started hurriedly repairing the
general, and Porter and Miller began to lose control Hf as their commands intermingled. r ^ ^ ^ ^ The No. 2 Battery fell only after very heavy fighting where the W British were protected by trenches, so that 'constant use of the bayonet was the only mode of assailing them', recalled Private Jesse P. Harmon; and by now the British reserves had arrived. These included seven more companies of the 82nd and three of the 6th Regiment under Major Henry Adolphus Proctor of the 82nd, who made a fine
Such claims were ridiculous even if, thanks to her effective commissioners, America might claim to have won the peace. America had certainly enjoyed the more glamorous if less tangible successes, such as New Orleans and the early single-ship victories by the US Navy's frigates, and by publicizing these she turned weary survival into colourful victory, at least on the surface, while for decades afterwards successful participation in the war was worth thousands of votes to American politicians of
Prevost had proved an able administrator, and as military commander had successfully held the line against repeated American invasion attempts, juggling his limited resources with skill. His senior commanders in the field, however, were less experienced. Born in Quebec in 1772, Gordon Drummond was the third son of Colin Drummond, laird of Megginch in Perthshire and deputy paymaster general of British forces in Canada. Drummond would therefore 15 LEFT R e d J a c k e t ,S e n e c a W a r C h i
Lt.David B. Douglass's Bombardiers (two guns) 9 t h U SI n f a n t r y- C a p t . E d m u n d F o s t e r R e s e r v e- L t .C o l .T h o m a sA s p i n w a l l Coys, 11th, 22nd US Infantry D e t a c h m e n t , U S L i g h t D r a g o o n s Black Rock 1 s tU S I n f a n t r y- L t .C o l . R o b e r tC .N i c h o l a s Buffalo 2 5 t h U S I n f a n t r y- L t .C o l .G e o r g eM c F e e l y .J a m e sW o o d s g hW . D o b b i n .F a n n i n g a l l a n d L .G . A .A r m i s t e a d l a u d