Orderly and Humane: The Expulsion of the Germans after the Second World War

Orderly and Humane: The Expulsion of the Germans after the Second World War

R. M. Douglas

Language: English

Pages: 512

ISBN: 0300198205

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Orderly and Humane: The Expulsion of the Germans after the Second World War

R. M. Douglas

Language: English

Pages: 512

ISBN: 0300198205

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Immediately after the Second World War, the victorious Allies authorized and helped to carry out the forced relocation of German speakers from their homes across central and southern Europe to Germany. This book tells the full story of this immense man-made catastrophe.

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a millstone be fastened around his neck and he be drowned in the depths of the sea.” Foot disconsolately noted that “If these infamies are to be allowed to continue there will be a shortage of millstones to set beside the other shortages in Europe.”60 The left-wing publisher Victor Gollancz likewise demanded to know why McNeil, an “unusually decent and humane” man, should feel compelled “the moment he becomes a Minister, to talk like a Nazi?” At what age does a child become “guilty” or

future. In the aftermath of the dreadful scenes that attended the collapse of Yugoslavia in the 1990s, a number of international instruments—in particular the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court—have laid down unambiguously that forced transfer of populations, except for the purpose of temporarily relocating them from a war zone for their own safety, is an offense in international law.51 Recently, however, Timothy Waters of Indiana University has raised the possibility that a

in, 74, 89, 127, 130–57, 323; cost of resettlement borne by, 78; Criminal Police investigation (1940), 44; Czech-German declaration (1997), 357–58; denazification in, 302; deportations to, 15, 18–21, 23–24, 46–52, 66, 70, 76–77, 85, 89, 90, 91, 150, 192–93, 303; see also “organized expulsions”; “wild expulsions”; duty of silence in, 353–54; East, see German Democratic Republic; ethnic cleansing within, 39, 40, 41, 228; euthanasia program “T-4” in, 49; evacuations to, 63, 112, 119–20; expellees

126–28; and World War II, 20, 73, 87 Upper Silesia, 76, 77–78, 88 Ústínad Labem massacre, 114–16, 365 Vansittart, Lord Robert, 29 Vatican: as court of international arbitration, 328; and expulsions, 297 Veltrusy children’s camp, 240 Versailles, Treaty of, 11, 13, 15, 70, 301, 329, 330, 331 Veselý, Alois, 132 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 335 Villard, Oswald Garrison, 294 Vinogradov, Vladislav, 111, 112 Vogl, E., 235 Voigt, Frederick A., 97, 293 Volksbund, 209

adequate reception or settlement plans are organized at the other end of the journey.” Because in practice it was unlikely that the expelling states would wait that long, “the surviving Germans would have to be herded into concentration camps in Germany…. Such temporary measures had to be adopted in Greece [after Lausanne], where many refugees spent long periods (frequently several years) in schools, theatres, markets and primitive hovels which tended to become permanent slums.”20 While Mabbott

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