Studies in The Language of Homer (Cambridge Classical Studies)

Studies in The Language of Homer (Cambridge Classical Studies)

G. P. Shipp

Language: English

Pages: 396

ISBN: 052103826X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Studies in The Language of Homer (Cambridge Classical Studies)

G. P. Shipp

Language: English

Pages: 396

ISBN: 052103826X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Professor Shipp's purpose in the first edition of this book (published in 1953) was 'to examine in as much detail as possible the development of the language of the Iliad in some of its typical features, with careful attention to the spoken dialects involved and to the influence of metre'. In the second edition he widens the scope of his work to examine the Odyssey as well as the Iliad, and he extends its detail to include syntax as well as grammatical forms and to cover questions of vocabulary more comprehensively. The author's earlier conclusions are shown to be confirmed, and an important further result for the Odyssey has been to show the typical lateness of the language of moralizing passages.

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oivO'ITa 'ITOVTOV. 'EWEoopOS with necessary synizesis in a technical term I< 19, 390, A 3II (catalogue of women), T 179 (description of Crete); so also A 312 evveopYVlol. nrnTEOOT'(a) initially 503 (battle of gods); 'ITE'ITTEOOTCXS X 384 simile; Te6veooTl T 331 moralizing comment - all avoiding forms in - - v v, the first two at beginning of verse. XcxAt p. 21. Aev5peCt> SCPe36J..\EVOl rIp. simile, see p. 12,

Aphroditehymnus 2Z could have added this example to others which suggest knowledge of Hesiod by the poet of the hymn. (He compares the two passages.) It is misleading to say that Homer and elsewhere Hesiod use VTjAE';S and VT)A';S. The exact forms should be quoted. For literature on VTjAEI';S see Heitsch f.n. I, West on Th. 770. o Grundj"ragen 93 f. - For the general question of the dialect involved see Ch. 80 f. There seem to be no other test cases for original verbal -aeo. 2 P.73 55I p. 77

that 01 KCXI np60Be reads as if 1Tp6oBe were to be an adverb of time, with eipv61leoBcx imperfect, whereas with Ke the verb must be either a future or a subjunctive,2 neither of which is easy; secondly that viwv is unexpected for TEKSc.vV, TSKVc.vV, 1TCX15C.VV, the daughters also normally being mentioned in such contexts, e.g. X 62. I confess that I do not know what these objections add up to. For 1\ 151 hrnfjs or i1T1Teis see p. 20. In the Odyssey the short forms not supported by patronymics in

6pcpvcxiT]v could have its point. For such an alternation cf. K 297 510: VVKTCX ~EACX1VCXV, the end-of-line equivalent, extended in 394 and elsewhere to the trochaic caesura by eot'jv, cf. (eso:) ASVKWASVOS "HpT], (eso:) YACXVK&':nTlS 'A6i]vT], (&vcx~) D.10S vlos 'ATIOAAWV. Note also 8 57 6:~[3po(jIT]V 510: VVKTCX for the trochaic caesura. 5ยท2 pp. 97 ff. 13 2 p. 104 P.I07 p. 108 SIMILES AND RELATED QUESTIONS examples in Il. are from similes, E 865 KCXVI-ICXTOS E~ avEI-IOIO OVO"CXEOS

to some extent in arrangement, more significantly in the systematic acceptance of the contracted forms of our texts. Bechtel sometimes as a matter of principle allows the general linguistic nature of the context to decide whether a form is to be taken at its face value or considered to be a modernization, e.g. of an Aeolic form. I differ from him also in the exclusion from discussion of contractions forced upon the poet by his metre, and in the same spirit I attempt much more often to find

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