Testcraft: A Teacher`s Guide to Writing and Using Language Test Specifications

Testcraft: A Teacher`s Guide to Writing and Using Language Test Specifications

Fred Davidson

Language: English

Pages: 160

ISBN: 0300090064

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Testcraft: A Teacher`s Guide to Writing and Using Language Test Specifications

Fred Davidson

Language: English

Pages: 160

ISBN: 0300090064

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


The creation of language tests is, and should be, a craft that is accessible and practical not only by a few language test experts, but also by many others who are involved in second/foreign language education, say the authors of this clear and timely book. Fred Davidson and Brian Lynch offer language educators a how-to guide for creating tests that reliably measure exactly what they are intended to measure. Classroom teachers, language administrators, and professors of language testing courses will find in this book an easy and flexible approach to language testing as well as the tools they need to develop tests appropriate to their individual needs. Davidson and Lynch explain criterion-related language test development, a process that focuses on the early stages of test development when the criterion to be tested is defined, specifications are established, and items and tasks are written. This process helps clarify the description of what is being measured by a test and enables teachers to give input on test design in any instructional setting. Informed by extensive research in criterion-referenced measurement, this book invites all language educators to participate in the craft

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is yours, depending on how you see the test purpose and the distribution of ability in your context. The ethical question is: Should you do this? We take that point up in Chapter 7, where we discuss matters of advocacy. At this point we say only: be careful. Perhaps the best course of action is one that is cautious. Undoing and dismantling normative social decision mechanisms is, at best, a fruitful de1. This seduction goes further. In one particularly provocative chapter, Hacking describes what

Instead of cutting teaching staff, PU’s administration decides to pursue the recruitment and selection of greater numbers of international students (who pay higher fees than local, resident students) as one source of additional income. Of course, the increased intake of international students is part of a larger strategy designed to promote cultural diversity at PU, not just to increase its fee-based income. SOURCE AND MOTIVATION All international students from non-English-speaking backgrounds

Group A spec), “isn’t it more than structures,” etc. (referring to the things they’ve listed in their spec). John: responds to Liza—“well, can you give an example?” *4.25 PM Doris: “Oh, I see what you mean . . .”; explains from her classroom experience teaching V[ocab.]i[n]C[ontext]; not always able to find context; points out overuse of context in reading textbooks—“I guess that’s what I don’t like about nonsense words” (word recognition is a valuable skill). yd7086.098-120 6/27/01 7:48 AM

cultural perspective, it challenges the status quo of assessment and provides important alternatives for advocating educational reform. Although at first glance these characteristics may not seem radically different from traditional testing, they call into question the traditional criteria for judging validity. Testing, as a measurement-driven enterprise, is wedded to the currently dominant research paradigm. This means that it aims to measure, however imperfectly, the criterion being tested, and

strengthen this relationship (between testing and teaching) and attempt to understand it better. It may prove particularly fruitful to examine the curricular implications of our findings with a focus on what can be borrowed from the course objectives to refine further the relationship between the placement test and the course” (p. 79). Ultimately, this is an argument for what has traditionally been called content validity, or the degree to which a test measures what it purports to measure, with a

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