The Blackwell Companion to The Problem of Evil

The Blackwell Companion to The Problem of Evil

Justin P. McBrayer

Language: English

Pages: 528

ISBN: 047067184X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

The Blackwell Companion to The Problem of Evil

Justin P. McBrayer

Language: English

Pages: 528

ISBN: 047067184X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


The Blackwell Companion to the Problem of Evil presents a collection of original essays providing both overview and insight, clarifying and evaluating the philosophical and theological “problem of evil” in its various contexts and manifestations.

  • Features all original essays that explore the various forms of the problems of evil, offering theistic responses that attempt to explain evil as well as discussion of the challenges facing such explanations
  • Includes section introductions with a historical essay that traces the developments of the issues explored
  • Acknowledges the fact that there are many problems of evil, some of which apply only to those who believe in concepts such as hell and some of which apply to non-theists
  • Represents  views from the various religious traditions, including Hindu, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim

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willing, and able enough to make good on horrors, not only in the world as a whole but within the context of the individual horror participants’ lives. There is much more to be said about what could fill the horror-defeating role (some of which I defer to the penultimate section). For now, I indicate the direction of my argument by echoing Aquinas in the Five Ways: “and this is what everyone calls ‘God’!” (Summa Theologica I, q.2, a.3 c.) Horrors force atheists and agnostics who are

T(W)] such that if [T(W)] were actual, E+ would have gone wrong on at least one occasion.” Then he asks: “Doesn’t that seem possible?” Notice that Plantinga is not asking whether it seems possible that for some essence E, there is an E-perfect world W and initial world segment T(W) such that if T(W) were actual, E+ would have gone wrong at least once. Rather, he is asking whether it seems possible that for each and every essence E, there is an E-perfect world W and initial world segment T(W) such

by an omnipotent, omniscient, and perfectly good god, of attendance at Christian churches by five-year-old girls (if there were an omnipotent, omniscient, and perfectly good god). Which is just to say that Naturalists have no reason at all to suppose that there are goods beyond our ken that would provide justification for permission, by an omnipotent, omnis­ cient, and perfectly good god, of the rape, torture, and murder of five-year-old girls (if there were an omnipotent, omniscient and

(2) Experience of evil ➡ atheistic belief ➡ value discontent ➡ atheistic value-attitude reformation ⇒ atheistic belief. (3) Experience of evil ➡ noetic discontent ➡ atheistic noetic reconstruction ⇒ atheistic belief. In all three, the power of the experience is the source of the support for the atheistic belief. Inevitably, in a conversion experience to atheism from experience of evil, both noetic reconstruction and value-attitude transformation occur. Inserting the two into one complex process

given our justified acceptances. The NR + CTO defense attempts to explain how the evil of animal suffering is justified and it does so by offering what Murray calls a “morally sufficient reason.” As Murray describes, offering a morally sufficient reason for some evil, E, requires giving an account of E that meets the Necessity, Outweighing, and Rights Conditions. The account of why E obtains should be one according to which the good secured by E “could not have been secured without permitting

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