The Facts on File Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend (2 Volumes) (Facts on File Library of Religion and Mythology)
Anthony S. Mercatante
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Thoroughly revised and expanded, The Facts on File Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend, Second Edition presents an incomparable survey of myths, fables and legends from around the world and throughout the ages. This comprehensive work explores the folkways and beliefs of ancient, modern and Western cultures and their connections to the world's major scriptural traditions - Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim.
· Summaries of major myths, folktales and fables
· Portraits of gods, heroes, saints, demons, and other mythic figures
· Meanings and origins of botanical, zoological, and other images and motifs
· The influence of myths and legends on art, music and literature
Completely revised with new entries and illustrations, this edition also features an updated introduction and bibliography and a comprehensive system of cross-references. An index of myths and legends arranged by culture and ethnic group makes this reference accessible to both high school and undergraduate students and researchers.
From Greek and Roman to Norse and Native American gods, Aesop's Fables to the tales of the Brothers Grimm, the biblical Abraham to Abraham Lincoln, this is a fascinating and invaluable resource for students of art, history or literature, or for anyone who enjoys myths, legends and fables.
from the Hindu goddess Sarasvati, who was also associated with love, but when her cult reached Japan, her nature was somewhat Beowulf 171 Benten changed. Benten is frequently portrayed with a Hakuja, a white serpent, and is known as the White Snake Lady. The snake, aside from being a symbol of fertility and sexuality, is also one of the symbols of the sea and thus connects Benten’s worship with rivers, seas, and water in general. Belief in the existence of serpent-people in the oceans around
such as alvors, elves, brownies, and ras found in northern myths and legends. Two groups of Alfar are cited, the liosalfar (light elves) who live in Alfheim, and the dockalfar (dark elves) who live underground and are mostly of an evil nature. Other names used are huldu folk (hidden folk) and liufliger (darlings). The dark dwarfs were so ugly, with their dark skin, green eyes, large heads, short legs, and crows’ feet, that the gods forced them, under penalty of being turned to stone, to live
famous episode in the life of St. Ambrose concerns his treatment of the Roman emperor Theodosius. The emperor had killed some 7,000 men, women, and children as punishment for a small uprising in Thessalonica, where some of his soldiers were injured. St. Ambrose refused to let the ruler enter his church and excommunicated him. After eight months Ambrose consented to relent on two conditions: first, that the emperor should publish an edict by which no capital punishment could be executed until 30
the eve of his feast day, to see “what manner of man it is that shall lead” them to the altar. In Christian art St. Andrew is usually portrayed as an old man with a white beard, holding his cross or on his knees gazing at it. Perhaps the greatest tribute to the saint is Bernini’s magnificent church of Sant’ Andrea al Quirinale in Rome (1658–1670). It took the artist 12 years to complete the oval building. Behind the altar is a painting of St. Andrew’s martyrdom on the cross. Above the altar is a
Wagner’s Ring Cycle. See also: andvaranaut; fafnir; hoenir; loki; odin; prose edda; ring des nibelungen, der Angarad of the Golden Hand In Arthurian legend, a lady at the court of King Arthur who is loved by Sir Peredur, a knight of the Round Table. She, however, scorns Peredur, and he vows never to speak until she loves him above all men. After a series of adventures, in which he is called the “Dumb Youth” or the “Young Mute,” he appears at court but is so changed by his ordeals that he goes