The History of German Since 1789
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translated by Marian Jackson
good study of Germany's development from the French Revolution on...
At times,' writes Golo Mann, 'the Germans seem a philosophical people, at others the most practical and most materialistic at times the most peaceful, at others the most domineering and brutal. Time after time they have surprised the world by things least expected of them.' It is this quality of paradox, even of mystery, in the German nation that the distinguished historian renders with such subtlety and penetration in this celebrated study. It traces the whole sweep of intellectual development in Germany since the French Revolution. As well as chronicling historic events, the book deals in detail with the contributions of philosophers, poets and novelists alongside those of parliamentarians and generals.
The Carolingians in Central Europe, Their History, Arts, and Architecture: A Cultural History of Central Europe, 750-900 (Volume XVIII) (Brill Cultures, Beliefs and Traditions Medieval and Early Modern Peoples Series)
more, into hundreds of principalities and states. Its history was a tangled record of empire and kingdom — but never nation— m arked by great diversity o f traditions and p o litical cultures. In this comprehensive historical study, G olo M ann tells the story o f how the Germ an nation em erged from this rich and com plex past and becam e a m ajor European pow er for almost two centuries— and how it cam e to such shocking defeat and dismemberment in 1945 . W ith great learning and great
confusion made possible, that the door will again be opened to every kind of sinister Machiavellian intrigue, and that the barbarism of conquest and destruction will replace internal progress. Such a development would be by far the greatest victory of the reactionary principle since March 1848. That was Lassalle’s opinion. Everyone saw the future differently from his allies of the moment with whose practical policy he more or less agreed, everyone had something else at heart. One cared about the
century had been the dream of the middle classes was now achieved without, and at times in spite of, the middle classes. In the end the German Reich was proclaimed among princes and generals, at an army camp, where a middle-class deputation looked drab and timid. Bismarck’s nature had many facets. Where the forces of history were con cerned he was a very modest man. He often said that the individual could do little, that one must wait until things happened and that they always happened very
other unimaginable changes. It was left to the disciples after the master’s death to interpret the new age. If Hegel’s philosophy had been true, then it could not remain true: it must be treated as Hegel had treated all earlier philosophy, ‘set aside’, affirmed and denied at the same time. Hegel had started life as a Protestant and had somehow managed to bring Christianity even into his mature philosophy. His disciples or their dis ciples broke with Christianity and became atheists-an attitude
once: the Swiss only wanted to be left in peace and did not want to disturb the peace of others. By adopting this attitude they became a nation with distinct charac teristics. The more insistent the call for the unification of all Germans became across the border the more consciously and speedily did the Swiss abandon the remains of their German origins. The call was loud and strong, although it is impossible to say how many people wanted a German nation state and how many viewed this objective