The New Censorship: Inside the Global Battle for Media Freedom (Columbia Journalism Review Books)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Journalists are being imprisoned and killed in record numbers. Online surveillance is annihilating privacy, and the Internet can be brought under government control at any time. Joel Simon, the executive director of the Committee to Protect Journalists, warns that we can no longer assume that our global information ecosystem is stable, protected, and robust. Journalists are increasingly vulnerable to attack by authoritarian governments, militants, criminals, and terrorists, who all seek to use technology, political pressure, and violence to set the global information agenda.
Reporting from Pakistan, Russia, Turkey, Egypt, and Mexico, among other hotspots, Simon finds journalists under threat from all sides. The result is a growing crisis in information―a shortage of the news we need to make sense of our globalized world and fight human rights abuses, manage conflict, and promote accountability. Drawing on his experience defending journalists on the front lines, he calls on "global citizens," U.S. policy makers, international law advocates, and human rights groups to create a global freedom-of-expression agenda tied to trade, climate, and other major negotiations. He proposes ten key priorities, including combating the murder of journalists, ending censorship, and developing a global free-expression charter to challenge the criminal and corrupt forces that seek to manipulate the world's news.
terrorists and never tired of highlighting Turkey’s immense strategic value as a NATO ally and, given its critical geopolitical position, as a reliable partner to the West. Turkey’s status as a popular international travel destination also helps soften the country’s image. If you’re one of the many tourists visiting Istanbul and heading to the beaches, Turkey just doesn’t seem that repressive. T H E D E M O C R ATAT O R S But once you get oﬀ the tourist trail, the country looks very
that the current Internet structure allows the U.S. government to “unilaterally close the Internet W E B WA R S of another country.” As an example, it noted that at the request of the U.S. government ICANN shut down the .iq top-level domain name during the Iraq War, crippling the Iraqi Internet. The Chinese long alleged that because most of the Internet’s root servers are physically located in the United States, American authorities can monitor global Internet traﬃc, “gaining access to
“History will show that this conference has achieved something extremely important. It has succeeded in bringing unprecedented public attention to the diﬀerent and important perspectives that govern global communications.” At the time, the ITU resolution was merely unsettling, because China and other countries that want to hand Internet governance to the United Nations clearly lacked the diplomatic and political support to achieve their goal. But the equation has changed in the aftermath W E
and Issue of Impunity, targeting initially a handful of countries in which the violence is persistent. But what does all this attention mean in practical terms? Ultimately, the crimes will have to be prosecuted by national governments that have demonstrated neither the political will nor the capacity to reduce the violence. As noted in chapter 7, the problem of impunity seems intractable. But focusing attention on the relative handful of countries where the situation is particularly acute can
ensure that communication between journalists and their sources are protected, and generally to be more open and forthcoming about the scope and nature of government surveillance. While nothing rivals the scale of the NSA surveillance program, these principles of course need to apply globally. End Censorship In the Internet age—when information moves at the speed of light— censorship should be a thing of the past. But it isn’t. Around the world information is censored for a variety of reasons.